Preprint / Version 1

Potret kepemilikan hak cipta dan penggunaan lisensi terbuka pada penerbitan ilmiah di Indonesia

Portrait of copyright ownership and open licenses use in scientific publishing in Indonesia

Keywords:

hak cipta, lisensi terbuka, creative commons, publikasi ilmiah, copyright, open license, scientific publication, Indonesia

Abstract

Konten berbasis teks telah menjadi jenis konten yang paling diakses dan disebarluaskan oleh pengguna Internet di Indonesia, termasuk konten artikel ilmiah. Cara hak cipta artikel ilmiah diatur dan konten disebarkan telah menjadi faktor kunci dalam pengembangan jurnal ilmiah. Situasi ini didukung dengan hadirnya Creative Commons (CC) dengan konsep lisensi terbuka CC-nya. Dengan mengambil basis data dari Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ) pada 13 Februari 2020, artikel ini menyajikan sebaran penggunaan hak cipta dan lisensi pada jurnal di Indonesia. Analisis terhadap 1578 jurnal menunjukkan bahwa mayoritas kepemilikan hak cipta artikel ilmiah di Indonesia dipegang oleh penerbit, sedangkan sebanyak empat puluh persen jurnal menerapkan lisensi terbuka CC BY dalam pengelolaannya. Fenomena munculnya keterbukaan di tengah kemungkinan besar ketidaktahuan pengelola jurnal mengenai tipe-tipe lisensi, yang menjadi ‘berkah terselubung’, dijelaskan sebagai kontribusi budaya Indonesia sebagai bagian dari masyarakat Timur yang turut berperan terhadap pilihan penerapan hak cipta dan lisensi terbuka di jurnal ilmiah Indonesia.

English Abstract: Text-based content has become the type of content that is most accessed and disseminated by Internet users in Indonesia, including scientific article content. The method of how scientific copyrights are organized and content distributed has become a key factor in the development of scientific journal. This situation is supported by the presence of Creative Commons with its CC open licensing concept. By extracting data from the Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ) on 13 February 2020, this article presents the distribution of the use of copyright and licenses in journals in Indonesia. The 1578 journals observed show that copyright ownership in scientific articles in Indonesia tends to be held by publishers, while forty percent of journals apply CC BY open licenses in their management. The phenomenon of the emergence of openness amidst the possible illiteracy of journal managers about the licenses types, which become blessing in disguise, is explained as the contribution of Indonesian culture as part of Eastern society that contributes to the preference of applying copyright and open licenses in Indonesian scientific journals.

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Published

2021-05-22

Section

Preprints