Preprint / Version 1

Trends in global and Indonesia geothermal research (1970-present)


  • Dasapta Erwin Irawan Institut Teknologi Bandung
  • Prihadi Sumintadireja Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung
  • Suryantini Suryantini Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung


geothermal system, bibliometrics, research trends


Geothermal is one way to energy independence. To achieve this, published subsurface data and information is the foundation. This paper presents the development of research in the geothermal field in the world and in Indonesia.

The author argues that geothermal exploration themes related to geology and geophysics have been widely studied, however, we expect research trends in the fields of geochemistry, isotopes, and biochemistry to continue. These themes will expand exploration missions to not only identify geothermal systems (conventional missions) but also to identify interactions between these systems and the environment, such as unconfined groundwater aquifers exploited by local communities and components of the aquatic environment. This will directly increase the collaboration between geosciences and basic sciences, life sciences, even health/medicine and social sciences.